Breaking Down the Elements of a Successful Graphic Design

If you want to become a competent graphic designer, the first step is that you should arm yourself with the basics. Mastering the fundamentals is key to a promising future as an illustrator. And among the things you should learn about are the elements of graphic design, understanding the elements allows you to appreciate what it takes to execute excellent projects

7 Elements of Graphic Design 

If your goal is to learn ‘how to learn design’, the elements of graphic design are your fundamental tools to make your visions a reality. 


Often referred to as the building blocks of design, lines can be used for various purposes. Lines can have different effects and impact your overall project. You can use lines to stress phrases or words, create patterns, connect content, and more. Most of the time, this element of graphic design is used to create division or direct a viewer in a particular direction. 


Also known as forms, this is one of the most important elements of graphic design. Shapes are the formation of figures using lines. The three basic shapes used in graphic design are geometric, abstract, and organic. This element is the root of graphic designing and can have symbolic meaning and invoke feelings. When used carefully, the shapes you use can create a very eye-pleasing design. 


Color is among the elements of graphic design that can dramatically alter one’s perception of the project. Color can have a powerful impact at first glance. This element creates a mood within the piece and has the power to tell a story. Every color has something different to say, and the strategic combination of colors can have a substantial effect on the overall design. 


It can be considered a counterpart of color in the elements of graphic design. When a single shade of color is used as a backdrop or to highlight the image, that is texture. Texture has a unique design and pattern and can make a stark difference in the project. Texture styles include paper, concrete, brick, and other natural elements. While this element may be subtler than other elements of graphic design, it can offer a different visual impact. 


When it comes to graphic design, size does matter. The size of a project emphasizes the significance of the structure. The bigger the size is, the more significant the data is. Size is instrumental in attracting attention to a particular subject within the project. It can also create contrast within the piece, making it more dynamic and interesting. 


As a graphic designer, you should think about positive space (the focus of the design) and negative space (the background) while creating your project. Space is essential in drawing the viewer’s attention toward something in particular. The proper utilization of space allows you to maximize your layout and leave a lasting impression.


Value refers to how light or dark an area is in your overall project. This can be the blackest of black to the brightest of whites. When used strategically, value can create depth, emphasis, and contrast. This element can alter people’s perceptions when utilized well. 

Learning More than the Elements of Graphic Design 

If your goal is to be a type of art student that masters the elements of graphic design and more, you need to invest in an academic institution that will teach you the fundamentals and more. At CIIT Philippines, not only do we offer valuable tips for Filipino students, but we set them up for professional success. 

If you want to learn multimedia arts in the Philippines, we offer various arts and design programs to help you achieve your goals. At CIIT Philippines, we make learning the elements of graphic design within reach of anyone. We offer various scholarship programs, such as the Interweave Scholarship Program, Future CIITzen Scholarship Grant, and CIIT Financial Aid Program. 
Moreover, our CIIT Online Admissions System (COAST) allows aspiring CIITzens to apply and learn the status of their application at the click of a finger. If you want to learn graphic design in senior high school and college, browse through our course offerings to understand the different possibilities

Join our Open House!

Experience CIIT’s vibrant community of creators and innovators! 

Discover new ideas, unleash your potential, and build lasting connections that will pave the way for your future in arts, technology, and business.